Ferol Warthen's "Violets"
Before we head over to the museum, let's make a quick stop at 77 Commercial Street in Provincetown. Behind the crooked door of this old house was the summer home and studio of Ferol Sibley Warthen. When I first moved to Boston, a friend of mine rented this oceanfront space for a few summers just after her death. I was lucky enough to visit often and learn about this amazingly talented artist.
Here is a photo of Ferol Warthen in her studio working on a print. The Provincetown Print, also known as the White Line Print is a printing process that was invented in Provincetown. Unlike the Japanese printing method that required a different wood block for each color, this new method used one block with a tiny groove cut between each color to separate it from the next.
Photo: Norma Holt
After the wood block is cut, watercolor is painted onto a small section of the wood block at a time and the paper is lowered to transfer the wet paint onto the paper. Each groove cut into the block to keep the colors from running together leaves a white line on the print. The White Line print was born.
"Tabletop," Ferol Warthen, collection of the Smithsonian
The invention of the process is credited to B.J.O Nordfeldt around the time of WWI but it was developed by a small group of Provincetown artists and its most famous practitioner was Blanche Lazzell. The photo below is Blanche outside of her waterfront studio.
The image below is one of Blanche's White Line prints. After a block is cut, it's possible to pull more prints from the same block and each time the block is printed, the artist can use different colors making each print an original piece of artwork. Blanche Lazzell pulled very few prints from her blocks so they are extremely rare and valuable today.
Blanche Lazzell print
Blanche Lazzell taught the White Line printing method to Ferol Warthen and in my opinion, Ferol became the master. Since the process requires painting a small section the block and transferring the paint while it is still wet, it's important not to have large open spaces in your design. The way Ferol Warthen divided the spaces in her designs in small sections is genius.
"Iris," Ferol Warthen
Just look how the space around this beautiful Iris print is masterfully divided. Warthen has used cubist techniques to create smaller areas that are both functional and in a way that is extremely pleasing.
"Sailboat and Gull," Ferol Warthen
Ferol's flowers and still life prints are beautiful but she also used the Provincetown landscape to her advantage. Her "Sailboat and Gull" print depicts a sailboat in Provincetown Harbor and the Wood End Lighthouse in the distance. The real scene is shown below...
...in this photo by Steve Borichevsky that is eerily similar that I found here.
Just to the left of Ferol's studio is the narrow walkway to her back door that entered the kitchen that overlooked the harbor. Just ahead in the center of the photo is a cottage that sits on a wharf that extends into the harbor.
"Lighthouse" Ferol Warthen, Collection of the Smithsonian
This wharf house appears in at least several Ferol Warthen works including this one entitled "Lighthouse" which I consider to be her masterpiece. This particular print is in the Smithsonian although there are several that exist.
There are several white line artists working in Provincetown that are still carrying on the tradition. I believe the most talented is Kathryn Smith, the granddaughter of Ferol Warthen who learned the process from her grandmother as a child.
Three Poppies, Kathryn Lee Smith
Here are few of Kathi's amazing poppy prints. Kathi's prints are the best being made today and are unique in their color saturation. There's no question that these prints are Provincetown's masterpieces of tomorrow.
Poppies and Fence, Kathryn Lee Smith
You can see more of Kathi Smith's work here.
Today Kathi helps pass on this Provincetown invention by teaching workshops at the Provincetown Art Association and Museum. I had the pleasure of meeting Kathi a few years ago when I took her week-long class. I regret that I never got to meet Ferol Warthen, but I'll cherish the time I was able to spend in her studio, seeing the sun rise over Provincetown Harbor and the Wood End lighthouse and I'm thrilled I was able to learn the process from her granddaughter. If you have any interest in going to Provincetown to learn the process, you can get more information here.